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Disease Profile


Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.


US Estimated

Europe Estimated

Age of onset





Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease.


Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype.


dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.


recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder.


Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.


Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.


Not applicable



Adenomyosis is a condition that affects the uterus. In women with adenomyosis, the endometrial tissue (which typically lines the uterus) moves into the outer, muscular walls of the uterus. Some women may have no signs or symptoms of the condition. When present, features of the condition include heavy menstrual bleeding, painful menstrual periods, and pelvic pain during intercourse. Some women may also develop an adenomyoma, which is a mass or growth within the uterus. The underlying cause of the condition is currently unknown. In general, treatment is based on the signs and symptoms present in each person. Forms of birth control that contain progesterone (such as birth control pills or an IUD) may decrease heavy bleeding while certain medications can be used to manage pain. In severe cases, a hysterectomy may be recommended.[1][2][3]

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

Where to Start

  • Mayo Clinic has an information page on Adenomyosis.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.

In-Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Adenomyosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.


  1. Adenomyosis. MedlinePlus. May 2016; https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001513.htm.
  2. Adenomyosis. Mayo Clinic. April 2015; https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adenomyosis/basics/definition/con-20024740.
  3. Taran FA, Stewart EA, Brucker S. Adenomyosis: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Clinical Phenotype and Surgical and Interventional Alternatives to Hysterectomy. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. September 2013; 73(9):924-931.